The Development of the Roof Design

A novel roof design was developed, drawing inspiration from the roof of the Jongmyo Shrine.

The initial roof prototypes, composed of basic square shapes, have progressively evolved to incorporate increasingly intricate folding patterns in horizontal and vertical orientations. The roof depicts the distinct Korean architectural style of the roof, as well as a novel and unprecedented roof design.

A foldable roof was constructed at the centre, employing an innovative approach to allow it to be folded based on the circumstances.

A Study on the Roof of Jongmyo Shrine

The origami architectural language can be found on the roofs of traditional Korean architecture: the Jongmyo Shrine.

Jongmyo is the oldest and most authentic of the Confucian royal shrines to have been preserved. Dedicated to the forefathers of the Joseon dynasty (1392–1910), the shrine has existed in its present form since the 16th century and houses tablets bearing the teachings of members of the former royal family. Ritual ceremonies linking music, song and dance still take place there, perpetuating a tradition that goes back to the 14th century.

Built in 1394 by King Taejo, the Jongmyo is believed to be the oldest Confucian sanctuary and the world’s longest single wooden structure, measuring 109 metres in length.

Construction Details of Concept Model

Understanding construction details is essential to developing the design concept of origami architecture. The fragment of the model allows one to imagine the rest of the structure and consider architectural details.

Origami Architecture Concept Model

After making several folding architectural models, I have developed the final conceptual model. This model’s fundamental design principle is continuity, based on the origami architectural principle. I have imagined what if floors become benches, the benches become walls, and walls become roofs.

Architectural Languages: Origami Architecture

I found an architectural proposition in the garbage truck, which is folding principles. I created various types of conceptual models to understand how they create space and how they consist of each other for construction. By analysing the architectural proposition and doing some tests, I decided to explore Origami Architecture. Origami, derived from “ori”, meaning folding, and “gami”, meaning paper, is a traditional Japanese art of paper folding. This concept has spread across continents over time, shaping its evolution, practice, techniques, and use. As an Origami conceptual model, I can develop an overall architectural design strategy.